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"Territory will redefine the local automotive market."
Polites, President, Ford Australia, 1999-2004
Four years and $500 million of exhaustive research, design, engineering
and testing culminate today with the launch of the new Ford Territory.
Territory represents the latest development of a continuing tradition of
innovation and ingenuity at Ford Australia.
Designed to adapt endlessly to the ever-changing needs of Australian
motorists, Territory offers car-like styling and vehicle dynamics with the
versatility of a traditional SUV or people mover.
Territory will be built on the same assembly line as Falcon and shares the
award winning Falcon's engine, transmission and an adaptation of the critically
acclaimed Control Blade IRS.
Territory, however, has a completely different underbody structure, unique
front suspension and an all-wheel drive system incorporating the latest global
"The idea for Territory began – as all great cars do – by recognising a
customer need," said Vehicle Director Russell Christophers.
Christophers took the lead in researching and developing the Territory
concept in 1999.
"Hours of extensive market research established a growing need for a vehicle
combining the best characteristics of family sedans, traditional SUVs and people
"The owners of these traditional vehicles were all reasonably happy, but
could quickly identify areas where their vehicle didn't quite match their wants
"Family sedan owners loved their car's performance and handling, but wished
the car was more adaptable to their lifestyle.
"SUV owners loved the command driving position and the interior versatility,
but wished their vehicle could handle more like a car than a truck –
particularly in city driving. Most freely admitted to never exploiting the
off-road capability of those vehicle's 4WD systems and said they weren't happy
with the upfront and ongoing costs.
"People movers offer great practicality to their owners, but almost to a
person they commented on the lack of aspiration of driving such a vehicle, and
hated being 'the bus driver'."
Christophers said Ford created a triangle with a family sedan at the apex, a
people mover in one corner and a traditional SUV in the other.
"In the middle lay an area for a hybrid vehicle that could offer the best of
all those vehicles, a sweet spot waiting to be hit.
"Territory does more than hit that sweet spot. It smacks it out of the
Territory has been created to be equally at home in urban or outdoor
environments, with a flexible interior offering functionality and versatility
for up to seven people, without sacrificing on style or aesthetics.
Territory will also be the only vehicle of its type in Australia to launch
with both all-wheel drive (AWD) and rear-wheel drive (RWD) variants.
Rear-wheel drive customers will enjoy the other benefits of Territory's
extensive engineering program, along with the style, command driving position
and interior flexibility benefits inherent in the new vehicle.
"There is a significant group of customers out there who have told us that
while they want a lot of the features and advantages that Territory will have,
they don't need full-time AWD capability," said Christophers.
"For these people, RWD Territory is a more logical progression from the
traditional large sedan or wagon. Many of these customers have migrated into
large 4WDs simply because they are looking for a higher ride height and interior
"They have a limited, or in many cases no need for the 4WD capability of
those vehicles but have previously had no option but to accept it and pay for it
as standard equipment, just to get the package they wanted.
"The RWD Territory offers the command driving position and flexibility
customers want in a vehicle perfectly suited to those people with no ambition to
venture off the beaten track."
Christophers said Territory was the ultimate lifestyle package.
"Territory is practical and versatile, with an interior that accommodates an
active lifestyle while being stylish and fun to drive.
"Its combination of styling, features, performance, safety and outstanding
value for money make the new Territory one of the finest cars to ever roll off a
Ford assembly line."
CHOOSE YOUR OWN TERRITORY
Territory customers will be able to choose either an entry or a high
series vehicle with both available with the choice of either rear-wheel-drive or
"Territory will offer Australian consumers a range of choices with their
vehicle they haven't experienced before," said Ford Australia Marketing and
Sales Vice President, Bruce McDonald.
"The different specification levels will allow them to choose the exterior
and interior appointments that matter most to them, while also allowing them to
have either RWD or AWD capabilities."
The entry-level Territory TX will be generously equipped with standard safety
features including traction control, anti-lock brakes, and front airbags.
Creature comforts will include air-conditioning, CD player, electric windows,
power seats and power-adjustable pedals.
The RWD Territory TX will feature the Acutrac handling system, combining an
all-new Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension and optimised version of the
award-winning Control Blade IRS.
The range-topping Territory Ghia includes standard leather seat trim, cruise
control, a six-stack CD player, alloy wheels, side curtain airbags and Reverse
A new mid-series Territory, the TS, will join the line-up in the fourth
quarter of 2004.
The TS comes complete with the high end instrument panel and centre console
as Ghia, incorporating the Ford premium sound system and dual zone climate
control air-conditioning. It will also feature unique alloy wheels and side
The AWD vehicles feature the same equipment levels as their RWD equivalents,
but come with the Acutrac Plus handling system, which includes the first local
application of the latest Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) system that modulates
braking and engine torque to enhance stability.
AWD owners can also option their vehicle to include Hill Descent Control.
FORD TERRITORY MODEL BY MODEL
TERRITORY TX RWD
Barra 182 4.0-litre DOHC, dual equal VCT I6 engine with ETC
Power driver’s seat (4 way)
Front and rear power
Auto headlamps off (when locked by keypad)
Steering wheel audio
Sequential Sports Shift automatic gearbox
Interior Command Centre
Tissue box holder (with tissues)
Eucalyptus seat fabric
17-inch steel wheels
passenger grab handle
60/40-split fold second row seat
Optional third row
Optional sliding second row seat (standard when third row seat fitted)
Anti-lock brakes with Electronic Brake Distribution
Power adjustable pedals
Painted accent color
bumpers and mouldings (with body colour option)
12-volt power outlet in
12-volt power outlet in second row seat console
power outlet in rear luggage area
30 storage compartments (7-seat model)
32 storage compartments (5-seat model)
TERRITORY TX AWD
As with Territory TX RWD but with the following features:
Dynamic Stability Control
Optional Hill Descent Control
TERRITORY GHIA RWD
As Territory TX RWD but with the following additional features:
Dual zone climate control air conditioning
trim in Eucalyptus
Leather wrapped Sequential Sports Shifter
17-inch alloy wheels
color-coded bumpers and mouldings
Electrochromatic rear vision
Six-way power driver's seat with memory function
Front and rear
door courtesy lamps
Sun visor vanity mirror lamps
Premium 6 Stack CD
Player (7 speakers)
Premium Interior Command Centre with colour TFT display
Footwell illumination (front)
Reverse Sensing System
31 storage compartments (7-seat model)
33 storage compartments
Side curtain airbag
TERRITORY GHIA AWD
As with Entry AWD but with the following features:
Dynamic Stability Control
Optional Hill Descent Control
DRAWING INTO NEW TERRITORY
Ford Australia's designers were presented with a genuine challenge in
creating the new Ford Territory.
"We had to create a vehicle that embodied the strength and power of a
traditional SUV, while having the prestige, agility and nimbleness of a sporting
sedan," said Ford Asia Pacific Design Director Simon Butterworth.
"All the market research and hours of customer focus groups pointed to the
same fact. Australians like the strength of a traditional SUV but don't like the
baggage that comes with such a vehicle.
"They dislike the lack of manoeuverability in the city, where most of these
vehicles are driven. Quite often the driving experience is one they don't want
"The element they did like was the overall versatility such a vehicle gave
"From a design perspective, we had to take the strengths of an SUV and drive
those elements the customers liked into a design that had a lot of car-like
attributes as well."
Butterworth said he and Exterior Design Manager Graham Wadsworth focussed on
three key areas for the exterior design of Territory.
Butterworth said incorporating the strength of a traditional SUV into
Territory was a key element of the exterior design.
"We had a really frantic period of time where we devoted a lot of time to
really strengthening the exterior design.
"We had some healthy discussions with Ford Design Vice President J Mays, who
was very supportive of getting this strength and Ford DNA into Territory.
"That meant we were able to improve the stance of the vehicle, making the
attitude and body section much stronger.
"The final design has an inert poise, an athletic stance, emphasised by the
short front and rear overhangs.
"One of the real attributes of Territory is just how good the rear of the car
looks; it has a presence that many vehicles in this class just don't have."
Butterworth said while incorporating strength was a key component, it was
just as important to maintain a clean design.
"We worked hard to make a connection with what was happening on the front end
and mirror that at the rear. This is typified by the way the cut line runs
through the body.
Butterworth said he likened Territory to a runner on the starting blocks.
"There's strength and a latent, muscular feel about a runner. We wanted to
incorporate some of that latent potential into the side view.
"The cut line of the rear bumper relates well to forward motion, which is
very important from a design perspective."
Butterworth said Territory was a vehicle designed to appeal to a youthful
"Buying into Territory is all about youthful lifestyle and there's just a
bucket load of what the Australian lifestyle offers in this vehicle.
"That's something we really wanted to use from a design philosophy point of
view. Looking at the subtle changes of the vehicle from initial design to the
last round of research, I believe we have hit the button big time."
CUTTING EDGE INTERIOR
The Ford Territory signals a new era in automotive interior design.
Every interior element of the groundbreaking vehicle has been designed with
one simple philosophy uppermost in the minds of Ford's interior specialists –
Territory must be endlessly adaptable to the Australian lifestyle.
Interior Design Manager Marcus Hotblack said his team used the famous Swiss
army knife as the inspiration for their work.
"A Swiss army knife has every gadget under the sun and can literally do
anything in any situation. We wanted the interior of Territory to be like that.
"The Swiss army knife embodies the whole multi-function nature of Territory."
Territory will offer capacity for seven adults to travel in comfort, with
each row of seats located higher than the one in front of it.
This innovative 'theatre style' seating design means passengers in the second
and optional third row of seats will be able to see more and also provides
excellent ergonomics to ensure a comfortable ride.
"One of the main reasons a lot of customers purchase SUVs is because they are
positioned high and feel in command of their surroundings – but they don't like
having to climb up into the vehicle," said Hotblack.
"The first thing you'll notice about Territory is the ease of access. There's
no climb into the cabin. You'll simply step across into it.
"The command driving position in Territory provides good vision in typical
urban driving situations, such as manoeuvring the vehicle in shopping centre car
Hotblack said passengers would enjoy similar levels of comfort with excellent
"We have added the option of an independently sliding second row seat, which
can be moved backward or forward to provide extra leg room for passengers in the
second or third row seat."
The second row seat features a 60/40 split-fold function and can be folded
flat via a unique 'kneeling' seat arrangement – as the seat folds forward the
seat base drops down and literally 'kneels', which means the seat cushion
doesn't hold the back up.
Hotblack said Territory was designed for the second and third row headrests
to stay with the seats when they are folded flat, unlike with many other
"The third row seats can't be removed but they can be configured to fold flat
into the floor so that when both the second and third row seats are folded down
there is a long, flat load space for flexible cargo carrying.
"The target third row seat occupants are generally children and teenagers,
but the vehicle has all the safety systems to cater for adult passengers in the
third row, giving full seven seat capacity when required.”
Territory will also feature an amazing number of interior storage areas –
with 30 separate compartments in the entry-level seven-seater vehicle and an
astonishing 33 in the high series five seater.
The instrument panel includes a glovebox, a centre compartment and a top
tray, while the centre console houses a tissue box holder, gearshift lever
trinket bin, two cup holders, a bin and a removable rubbish bin.
The front row has two front door map pockets, two flexible drink bottle
holders, two compartments beside the seat and a lockable under seat bin.
The second row houses two door map pockets, two flexible drink bottle
holders, two centre armrest cup holders and two seat pockets.
The optional third row includes two armrest bins and two cup holders, while
rear and overhead storage is made up of a large rear load floor bin (five seater
only), a small rear load floor bin, a compartment to house the jack, an overhead
sunglass compartment (high series) and a cargo net (high series).
"The high number of storage compartments is in direct response to feedback we
got from customers in the numerous design clinics conducted as part of the
Territory program," said Hotblack.
"They include compartments designed to cope with life in the 21st century,
such as a lockable storage area that can house items such as a mobile phone and
personal organiser and slides under the driver's seat away from prying eyes."
Handbags and large bottles are amply catered for in Territory's capacious
The storage compartments located in both driver and passenger seat sides can
easily hold a large bottle or a handbag – items which typically are left to roll
around on the back seat or footwell.
Hotblack said Territory's interior was designed to cater for the active,
outdoor way of life enjoyed by Australians.
"Territory five seater features two large storage areas underneath the rear
floor that can house sporting equipment or wet towels from a day at the beach.
"As well, a reversible wet and dry rear floor panel is included on five-seat
vehicles, allowing owners to transport wet surf gear or take a trip to the local
nursery without damaging the luggage compartment floor."
Territory boasts six cup holders in total, with two for each row of seats.
"We've also taken the drink holder concept one step further, with flexible
drink bottle holders in each of the front and rear doors.
"Territory also includes three power sources and space for a travel fridge –
which will be available as an option on all models. That's just part of an
extensive accessory collection.
"Practicality has been a priority too. For example, one of the storage
compartments in Territory is a rubbish bin, which can be removed and safely
cleaned in a household dishwasher.
"Similarly, the rubber coated front row cup holder is removable for ease of
Hotblack said there were two specific aims the interior design set out to
"The higher seating position of Territory enabled the design team to make all
the interior surfaces feel lower, creating a feeling of spaciousness.
"The other thing we wanted to achieve was creating what we call a T-shape.
This is the central spine running up to a T-form on the dashboard, reinforcing
the strong image of a robust, lifestyle vehicle. We have built on the aesthetic
'DNA' created by the acclaimed BA range and have successfully evolved the
direction to this active lifestyle package.
"That has helped in creating an interior that includes all the passengers,
making them feel part of the interior and not alienated from it. At the same
time it gives the driver a feeling of control with its driver-orientated
cockpit, something our customers were emphatic about. It's an active family
vehicle, and the T-shape definitely helps reinforce that theme."
Hotblack said catering to the needs of customers was key.
"From day one, the needs of the customer have been uppermost in our minds.
"We were constantly thinking about the customer's interaction with the
interior – what they're looking for, what they want.
"We included features that are enduring and usable – not just gimmicks. They
include a sturdy folding load space cover, which perfectly complements the
liftglass feature at the rear and gives the vehicle a beautifully tailored look.
"We targeted an active family feel and I'm confident we hit the bullseye with
the finished product.
"Territory has a fantastic interior package we're very proud of – boasting an
interior design and ambience perfectly suited to the active Australian way of
life," Hotblack said.
When the Ford Territory colour and trim designers went looking for
inspiration, they found it in the form of the humble sports shoe.
"Our brief was to create a modern, energetic and fresh interior environment,"
said Colour and Trim Design Manager Sharon Gauci.
"The trigger for the colour and trim program was found in the developments,
technologies and mixtures of materials found in a sports shoe.
"We used a single image of a sports shoe to define the trim and finishes
program for Territory.
"By juxtaposing different materials, textures, details and hints of colour we
have managed to create a dynamic interior ambience."
Gauci said particular attention had been paid to tiny details, such as small
contrasting colour accents.
"The mix of opposing technical and leather grains brings elements of the
interior to life, in line with design items found in the home or office such as
computers, mobile phones, or on the underside of sport shoes etc."
Gauci said the Territory interior colour strategy was to provide an active,
versatile and new interior environment.
"We designed a family of colour called Eucalyptus, taking its inspiration
from the famous native tree. It was important to bring the outside in. With so
many lifestyle shows, we have a fascination with plants and gardening at the
moment. Also the spaces in our homes that were once defined as outside and
inside are now being blurred.
"With a hint of green, the Eucalyptus family is an innovative, modern, fresh
and very urban colour palette.
"Accent colours in orange, silver, white and black all complement the
Eucalyptus family and are injected throughout the Territory interior."
Gauci said the Territory interior fabrics were deliberately simple in their
"The design team was very much influenced by directions in active apparel and
footwear. We were seeing strong influences and cross over in street wear, sport
wear and comfort wear, with the boundaries between these fashion directions no
longer defined but quite relaxed.
"So with these directions in mind, we set out to design sporty, active
"The designs are structured, linear patterns with a fresh and energetic
'city' approach of casual, upbeat motifs.
"The designs are simple and uncomplicated, with high and low effects in the
fabric as well as micro-shapes within shapes."
Gauci said the predominantly functional nature of the interior demanded the
fabric didn't dominate the environment.
"The colour, the look and especially the handle of the fabric were extremely
important elements in achieving harmony, security and grounding qualities.
"The leather strategy is, once again, a simple design philosophy that is
crisp and taut in appearance, but overall very relaxed.
"The beautiful soft feel of the leather is enhanced by small details such as
the double stitching and perforated leather inserts.
"We think it all comes together beautifully," said Gauci.
CUSTOMERS TO FIND FRIENDLY TERRITORY
Delivering on customer needs is clearly evident in Territory's ergonomics
"From a design perspective, Territory's interior gave us a great challenge,
as we wanted to really deliver on a host of package and ergonomic requirements,"
said Ford Design Director Simon Butterworth.
"There's a lot of ingenuity incorporated into Territory, with a lot of clever
thought devoted to thinking about the driver and all the passengers.
"We had to ensure we catered for the needs of up to seven people sitting in
the vehicle at the one time, ensuring all the controls were in the right place
and maximising the storage capability of the vehicle.
"We also needed to think about how people would use Territory, and how we
could best use the available space for needs of individual customers."
Fortunately, the package and ergonomic engineers had an excellent base to
"Territory represents a package engineer's dream," said Package and
Ergonomics Attribute Leader Roger Lewis.
"It has the roominess to suit a broad range of occupants, the visibility and
ingress/egress to suit people at all life stages and plenty of storage capacity.
"All this flexibility is contained inside a vehicle that is physically no
bigger than a Falcon, providing the customer with the freedom to enjoy the
Lewis said customers would enjoy the command driving position.
"The driver's seat in Territory is higher off the floor than in a sedan. This
has provided the vehicle with excellent ingress/egress, as the hip-point – or
H-point – is about the same height from the ground as an average adult's hips
when they are standing next to the vehicle.
"You don't climb up into Territory and you don't sit down into it either. You
just slide into the vehicle, which is a real advantage.
"We have all-new seat designs for Territory, with 55mm of height adjustment
in the four-way power driver's seat that is standard on the entry level model.
The high series range will come standard with six-way power driver's seat with a
"That means we have excellent height adjustment and the capacity to easily
accommodate people up to 194cm.
"In another first for an Australian vehicle, power adjustable pedals will be
standard on Territory. This will allow occupants of all shapes and sizes to
assume a safer, more comfortable driving position.
"Power adjustable pedals are especially useful for smaller drivers,
eliminating the uncomfortable compromise of bunching their arms up against the
"Being able to adjust the pedals rearward allows them to stretch their legs
to a more comfortable position, and then adjust the steering wheel to suit."
The rear flip glass on Territory opens to enable customers to place items in
the rear cargo section without opening the lift gate.
The plastic appliqué extends much lower than the edge of the glass, allowing
shorter people easier access to get items in and out of Territory.
"We have doors that open to 65 degrees (front) and 70 degrees (rear). In
addition, when the door is restricted – say in a tight car park – Territory
customers will still have excellent access to all seats.
"We've achieved this by having an all-new A-pillar structure with new hinges.
The front of the door opening aperture has been pulled forward 60mm."
Lewis said the package team worked hard on keeping the floor to rocker sill
height to a minimum.
"We were very particular about the step-over width. That's the distance
between the H-point and the extreme outboard of the vehicle.
"Allowing people to get in and out of the vehicle in one movement was
paramount to the team and we fought hard to keep that step-over width to a
Lewis said young families would appreciate the detail and thought that had
gone into constructing the second row seat.
"The second row H-point, like the front seat, is about 750mm off the ground,
which makes the second row seat particularly good if you have children with
booster or child safety seats. Parents will not have to lean all the way into
the car to buckle up their children.
"Easy access to the second row seat is provided by having the door opening
with a fully upright C-pillar and the top of the rear door being a fair way from
the customer's head. It makes putting anything in the second row seat a very
Lewis said Territory provided a high, upright driving position that generated
a number of advantages.
"It's great for visibility because you can easily see further forward over
"We focussed on visibility for Territory, particularly being able to see all
around the vehicle. It's important not just for driving safety, but also when
reversing the vehicle out of your driveway and being aware of children or pets
in close proximity."
Territory owners will particularly enjoy the excellent and well thought-out
ergonomics of the vehicle.
"The grab handle, the position of the window switches, the door handle, the
shifter and the pedals are all positioned so a wide range of customers can
easily set themselves up in an excellent seating position with all controls in
Lewis explained that Territory engineers had remained faithful to the three
pillars of ergonomics.
"The first is findability – literally being able to find the right button at
the right time.
"The second is accessibility – once you've found the right button, can you
actually reach it?
"The third is useability – is the button intuitive, does it work the way
you'd expect it to without having to consult the owner's manual?"
Lewis said there was much more to the field of ergonomics than posture.
"It's very much being able to have the driver or passengers interact with the
vehicle quickly, so they don't have to take their eyes off the road.
"We've been able to achieve high levels with Territory through the use of
Ramsis manikins. These are three dimension manikins created from large,
"These manikins are recreated with Computer Aided Design (CAD) so we can
engender a number of manikins with a variety of shapes and sizes, from small
children to 97th percentile adults.
"By using these manikins during the design process, we can accurately
demonstrate what parameters we're trying to meet, whether it be accessing the CD
player, finger curl around the steering wheel or reaching the indicator stalks.
"We used software that helps us to mould the instrument panel so we can look
at things like visibility through the steering wheel.
"We employed CAD to a major degree in the design of BA Falcon, but the
Territory program has taken that process to a new level," Lewis said.
ADDING THE CRAFTSMAN'S TOUCH
The large number of 'clean sheet' design parts in Territory provided the
passionate craftsmanship team with an enormous challenge.
"Everyone got involved in the craftsmanship ideal of enhancing the visual and
tactile quality of Territory," said project leader Salman Shami.
"The designers, the modellers, the CAD operators, the design engineering
teams, the plant team, assembly operators, the test and development teams and
our suppliers were an integral part of a concerted effort to provide a product
the customer would recognise as something special.
"As with Barra, every single detail of Territory was examined, studying ways
of improving quality and satisfying all the customer's senses when they sat in
The new doors and body side panels of Territory provided the craftsmanship
team with the opportunity to start from scratch.
"We spent hundreds of hours studying the vehicle, from inside and outside, to
ensure a clean, harmonious appearance.
"As this element of Territory consists of so many parts it represented a
difficult task to co-ordinate. Starting from the initial design stage, we
employed clay, stainless steel and computer generated models to allow the team
to study the vehicle from all angles.
"Ultimately we made hundreds of changes, to finish with a profile boasting
superb parallel lines that flow smoothly – particularly in the door openings.
"By getting in early, we found we would achieve all the characteristics
required for good crash strength and structural rigidity, combined with a clean
and uncluttered look."
All external touch and lift points received similar attention.
"The door handles were optimised to ensure the feel was comfortable and
smooth and the rear deck lid lift handle designed to ensure it is smooth to the
"To operate the lift gate and the flip glass two micro switches are used,
which feel superior to the conventional paddle system. To ensure good grip even
in the rain, the handle uses a specially developed non slip texture."
Shami said his team worked hard to add finishing touches to complement the
design team's innovative interior.
"The luggage compartment in Territory boasts high quality luggage tie-downs.
They're not cheap wire types, but die-cast zinc alloy items plated in durable
chrome. They were chosen not only for their robust design, but also for their
high quality look and feel."
"Our engineers spent a lot of time and effort ensuring the interior feels
solid, robust and 'well screwed together'.
"After the first prototypes were built, we began in earnest to tune the
sounds and operational feel of the controls and components within the vehicle.
"All surfaces were pushed and prodded and every storage compartment
"One example was the lid for the top compartment on the dashboard. This was
examined and tuned to ensure that it opened and closed smoothly and with a
"Another example is the bottle holder strap. That particular design team went
through many design iterations tuning the tactile feel, operational feel and the
sound it makes when released.
"In the process they had to reject many tools before they were completely
satisfied that that part met the high standards of craftsmanship for this
Shami said these examples represented just a few of more than one thousand
areas of Territory which were analysed and improved by the craftsmanship team.
"It may take some customers months – even years – to discover and delight in
this painstaking attention to detail.
"But the smile on their faces when they find and appreciate the detail will
make those thousands of hours worthwhile," Shami said.
A wide range of intelligent electronics systems complements Territory's
innovative, user-friendly design.
The excellent visibility in Territory is boosted by the addition of the
Reverse Sensing System.
Standard on the high series variants, Territory's Reverse Sensing System
helps prevent damage to customers’ cars caused by unseen obstacles and gives
drivers extra peace of mind when reversing into tight parking spaces.
The parking assistant uses a quartet of sensors discretely mounted in the
rear bumper fascia, which emit warning signals through the stereo system
Reverse Sensing is automatically enabled when reverse is selected and reads
the distance between the vehicle and obstacles in its reversing path.
The system warns of obstacles that are approximately 450mm to 1500mm from the
rear of the vehicle. The warning tone sounds ever more rapidly as the distance
Reverse Sensing does not override the need for drivers to be careful while
DVD-based satellite navigation
DVD-based satellite navigation is one of the many options available in Ford’s
Operated via an infrared remote control, DVD-based mapping allows the driver
to receive detailed instructions and a comprehensive list of points of interest
en route, such as petrol stations, restaurants, hotels and historical monuments.
A speed lockout restricts inputs to the system when the vehicle is moving.
The main display screen is integrated into the centre console which can be
split to provide a map and turn-by-turn information, as well as a zoom feature
for particularly tricky navigating.
Audio and ICC security
Each audio system in Territory is electronically matched to the vehicle it is
installed in. A security check is initiated each time the customer starts the
car and, if the electronic codes do not match, the audio system refuses to work.
This renders the system useless to all vehicles but the original host
The Interior Command Centre module is also protected by the same coding
system that prevents stolen modules being swapped from car to car.
The ICC security code is buried deep in the unit’s electronic memory and does
not rely on battery function to continue working.
Audio and cruise control button upgrade
The inclusion of Hill Descent Control as an option on AWD Territory has added
new features to the vehicle's steering wheel mounted buttons.
The audio (and cruise control where fitted) buttons are the same as in the BA
Falcon, with four per side, and a further two switches – a 'mode' button for
audio control and an 'on/off' for the cruise – located behind the steering
The mode button allows drivers to cycle through AM, FM and CD options, and to
change discs and tracks.
The cruise control buttons on Territory are pre-programmed to increase or
decrease speed when the optional Hill Descent Control system is switched on.
The driver can set a preferred speed simply by using the cruise control
buttons in steps of 1 km/h, from a minimum of 4 km/h up to a maximum speed of 25
The speed selected by the driver remains the set speed until the system is
switched off or if the brakes are applied. The driver can also increase or
decrease the speed on the move.
The cruise control speed set function on Territory is unique in the Ford
High series Territory variants are fitted with an ‘auto headlights’ feature
that automatically illuminates the dipped beam headlamps when a predetermined
light level is reached.
Entry level variants have a new 'auto off' delay feature.
This particular feature allows the customer to leave the headlights on when
they arrive home in the dark. It allows customers the added security of an
illuminated walk, before switching off the lights when they press the lock
button on the key fob.
High series models also feature this enhancement on top of the standard full
automatic mode of operation.
High series key fobs also store memory information including the last
settings of the electronic seats.
Multiplex and CAN bus
Territory employs a multiplex wiring carrier system for the data required by
the Controller Area Network (CAN), the vehicle's main electronic nervous system.
As with BA Falcon, this links the main on-board computers, allowing them to
communicate their status and report faults.
These include the Powertrain Control Module (PCM), Body Electronics Module
(BEM), heater integrated module, instrument cluster, audio system and traction
The system has been upgraded for the Territory program to incorporate the
Dynamic Stability Control system (DSC) on all-wheel drive versions.
The super high-speed link also allows the traction control system to pass
requests from the ABS modulator to the Powertrain Control Module for a spark or
fuel supply reduction to limit wheelspin or slip.
The high-tech communications system also allows the implementation of smart
user-friendly features such as speed dependent audio volume control.
CAN electronics also underpin the operation of speed-dependent windscreen
wipers, varying the intermittent wipe speed as speed rises or falls.
COOL RUNNING IN ANY TERRITORY
Territory drivers and passengers will relax in perfect climatic comfort
thanks to the adoption of the acclaimed Heating, Ventilation and Air Condition
(HVAC) system debuted in the BA Falcon.
Run by a microprocessor, the system is able to cool or heat the Territory
cabin with ease due to the system's large compressors and heat exchangers.
Subtle, but significant, changes have been made to the HVAC system in
They include the installation of a larger capacity condenser to offset the
additional heat loads of Territory and new instrument panel face and demist
ducting sub-systems to meet the different airflow distribution requirements of
the Territory cabin.
The system operates more quietly, enhancing the feeling of luxury and
serenity within the cabin.
Dual zone climate control is standard on the Ghia and TS variants while TX
gets a 14-speed fan and semi-automatic cool-down and demist functions.
A lint and airborne debris filter is standard fit while a pollen filter is an
option across the range.
The new HVAC system blows 150 litres of air per second (l/s) into the cabin
for fast cool-down rates.
The actuators that direct the warm or cool air to the outlets are
electronically controlled for quiet operation.
Territory directs warm air to the rear outlets when the system’s mode setting
is switched to direct warm air to the front footwells.
The HVAC has also adopted the BA program's set of control knobs and switches,
designed to be intuitive and user-friendly.
Two switches are programmed to operate the most commonly desired settings,
one for rapid cool down and one for demist.
These occupant benefits are possible thanks to the microprocessor controller
fitted on both high and entry level models.
Dual zone climate control air conditioning on high series affords individual
settings for both driver and front passenger.
Territory provides a comfortable cabin environment for occupants, especially
The ventilation system is fitted with an airborne debris filter that
restricts coarse dust and leaf particles from being drawn into the fresh air
It also helps extend the ventilation system’s working life and boosts its
The filter is easily cleaned either at regular service intervals by the
dealer, or more frequently by the owner in dusty or dirty operating
A dealer-fitted particulate air filter prevents pollen and other fine
airborne particles entering the cabin and irritating the sinuses or other
allergy centres, causing occupant discomfort.
SIX OF THE BEST FOR TERRITORY
Offering a generous 182 kW at 5000 rpm and 380 Nm of torque at 3250 rpm,
the Barra 182 engine is perfectly suited to both AWD and RWD applications of
Driveability is substantial due to the fat, flat torque curve of the DOHC
in-line six offering accessible grunt throughout the entire rev range.
The high 6000 rpm rev limit allows excellent top-end power thanks to the
four-valve double overhead camshaft configuration.
Territory benefits greatly from the work done on BA Falcon powertrain, which
saw the introduction of infinitely variable camshaft timing to boost torque at
any rpm position.
In addition to the improved performance across a broad rev range, there is a
noticeable decrease in fuel consumption, especially at part throttle.
The camshafts can be advanced through a full 60 degrees, giving excellent
fuel consumption at highway cruising speeds where the system is able to retard
the timing by as much as 50 degrees, in addition to smooth running at idle when
the camshaft can be advanced as much as 10 degrees.
The transition through the 60-degree advance/retard range is seamless, with
variation activated via oil-pressure acting against the camshaft phaser.
An oil control valve is fitted on top of each phaser for immediate response
and reliability. Mounting the oil control valve within the cylinder head removes
the need for separate oil ways and offers greater durability and reliability, as
well as packaging efficiencies and weight savings.
Exhaust gas recirculation is an important feature of the I6 engine, helping
reduce the amount of unburned hydrocarbons leaving the tailpipe, and ensuring
the Barra 182 engine meets stringent Euro II emission limits.
Territory's coil-on-plug system removes the need for high-tension leads,
boosting reliability and durability of the ignition system.
The coil-on-plug set-up also provides more power to the spark plug, while the
absence of a distributor pack on the engine saves weight and improves exterior
Territory's ignition system uses long life spark plugs with a 150,000 km life
cycle. They are located in the centre of the combustion chamber roof between the
Territory also features Ford's acclaimed failsafe cooling system, which
progressively shuts down cylinders when the PCM detects engine overheating.
This 'limp-home' capability allows the engine to run in the event of an
emergency, such as a radiator hose leak, and allow the driver to reach a service
The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) on Territory integrates systems such as
the Electronic Throttle Control, dual VCT and cruise control, as well as fuel
injection and automatic gearbox gearshift integration.
A wide band knock control strategy has been developed for the Barra 182
engine to prevent the potentially harmful effects of detonation as well as to
cope with variable fuel quality.
It is activated across the entire rev range.
Advantages for customers are enhanced if they run on Premium Unleaded fuel.
Increased spark advance means more power and greater consumption benefits
without the risk of detonation.
Drive-by-wire Electronic Throttle Control (ETC) is fitted as standard to all
Territory variants. It provides precision control of acceleration, helps reduce
fuel consumption and emissions, and doubles as the cruise control actuation
system, saving weight and improving NVH.
It also allows seamless integration and activation of the dual VCT system by
being able to monitor exact throttle openings.
The cross-bolted alloy sump on Territory features an oil pan biased towards a
more rapid return of lubricant to the oil pump pick up.
This is particularly important in the AWD version of Territory to accommodate
the two front drive shafts. There is also twice the number of valve train
components to lubricate in the DOHC Barra 182 I6.
AWD TERRITORY DRIVEN TO SUCCEED
The full-time all-wheel drive system in Territory marks a new chapter for
Ford Australia engineering.
"Working in conjunction with other state-of-the-art chassis and powertrain
systems, the AWD system in Territory will enhance vehicle stability, traction
and handling," said Ford Australia Product Development Vice President Trevor
"Territory will boast an AWD system that drives all the wheels all the time.
This is unlike the 'on-demand' systems in other so-called AWD vehicles that only
drive one axle, adding drive to the second axle only when slip is detected.
"With Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) as standard and the optional Hill
Descent Control system, Territory offers a combination of abilities unheard of
in this price category. Typically, these features are only found on premium
imported AWD vehicles.
"The full-time AWD system on Territory will provide predictable handling and
increased stability for cornering, towing and in crosswinds, especially on wet
roads or gravel surfaces."
Worthington said the Territory program was designed to incorporate an AWD
system that met with traditional Ford virtues of robustness and durability,
without dramatically increasing cost of ownership.
"Territory is arguably the most researched vehicle in the history of Ford
Australia. We have listened long and hard to what the customers wanted and the
AWD system in Territory more than meets the Australian driving public's
requirements," Worthington said.
How does it work?
The AWD Territory will employ a single-speed, full-time transfer case in
conjunction with four-wheel traction control system using brake and engine
intervention to control wheel slip.
Available engine torque will be distributed 62 per cent to the rear axle and
38 per cent to the front axle, giving Territory the rear-drive bias favoured by
the extensive customer research that went into the new vehicle.
The four-speed electronic automatic transmission is similar to the critically
acclaimed Sequential Sports Shift auto that made its debut in the BA Falcon.
A stiffer main case, 10-bolt rear connection and high contact ratio gear set
contribute to improved drivetrain stiffness and noise reduction.
The new NV125 transfer case is mated to the transmission via a short, cast
aluminium adaptor plate.
The transfer case is a single-speed, full-time open differential unit with
torque splitting achieved via an internal planetary gear set.
Chosen for its robustness, light weight and packaging efficiency, the NV125
transfer case was selected by Territory engineers after extensive research and
investigation of numerous AWD systems.
By utilising the stability control and traction control systems to direct
torque at each wheel, expensive and complex torque-transfer and slip-limiting
devices, such as clutch packs and viscous couplings, have been eliminated from
the transfer case.
This ensures the Territory system is robust, durable and contributes to the
vehicle's low running costs. The NV125 requires no regular maintenance.
Territory will employ a rear axle similar to that found in the BA Falcon V8,
but will use a 4.10:1 axle ratio to enhance performance.
The front axle is an all-new compact design, engineered to meet the
challenging packaging requirements presented by the longitudinal engine layout
and increased ride height.
It is mounted to the front subframe and incorporated into the front chassis
module. Equal length half shafts deliver torque to the front wheels.
The front driveshaft utilises a fixed constant velocity (CV) joint at one end
and a plunging CV at the other, to deliver the high levels of refinement asked
for by customers during the research phase of the Territory program.
The rear driveshaft is a two-piece design, incorporating a flex coupling at
the transfer case output, a Hookes joint at the centre bearing and a plunging CV
joint at the rear differential.
AUTOMATIC CHOICE TO FIND NEW TERRITORY
Enthusiastic drivers will delight in the news that Territory will come
standard with the highly acclaimed Sequential Sports Shift automatic
The system offers the choice of three distinct driving styles; the freedom
and excitement of sequential manual shifting, a more responsive fully automatic
mode with top gear lockout or the more relaxed, intuitive adaptive automatic
SSS enhances the Ford DNA of spirited driving with refinement, the ability to
provide comfortable touring with good city response, as well as total manual
control when required.
Performance Automatic Mode
When the gearshift lever is moved to the left, the transmission automatically
changes down to third gear as Performance Auto Mode is selected.
The transmission will automatically select the appropriate gear for spirited
driving, but uses only the first three gears, locking out fourth gear.
"PEF" or "PERF" will be displayed on the instrument cluster for 5 seconds on
an entry level version, while the PERF notation will remain on all high series
This is the recommended mode for towing.
Manual shifting and DPEF
Manual sequential downshifts are achieved by pushing the shifter forward and
up-shifts by pulling backward.
In manual mode, the SSS control software won’t change to a higher gear when
the revs reach the red line, but will initiate the now more refined electronic
rev limiter to advise the driver to make a manual up-shift.
The system does not circumvent driver control if it thinks a higher gear
should be selected. However, under certain circumstances, the transmission will
downshift in response to a kick-down style wide-open-throttle movement by the
The transmission will also downshift sequentially to first gear if the car
cruises to a halt, for instance at an intersection. The system locks into first
gear for launch and requires the driver to return to manual changes.
Adaptive Auto Mode
All Territory drivers will benefit from Ford's adaptive shift strategy.
Adaptive shift means the transmission 'learns' the driving style of the
customer and adjusts the shift speeds accordingly.
For example, if the driver prefers a faster pace, the shift schedules will
automatically respond more aggressively and adapt to the performance end of the
If the driver is more relaxed, the shift changes are smoother and, in turn,
Territory drivers will also enjoy the downhill grade logic implemented into
The automatic transmission 'reads' when the vehicle is travelling downhill
and increasing speed. If the driver applies the brake the transmission
automatically downshifts to provide engine braking and help control the vehicle
If the vehicle continues to pick up speed, downhill grade logic will change
down from third to second, to provide further engine braking – but only if the
speed is below 50 km/h to prevent any potential damage to the gearbox.
This feature will help prevent the need for the driver to 'ride' the brakes
when driving down steep grades.
Downhill grade logic is disengaged when the driver switches to manual
sequential gear shifting.
Territory drivers will appreciate the high levels of refinement built into
the transmission program, including an electronic reduction of engine torque –
via spark retardation – during heavy acceleration gear changes, to improve shift
Gearshifts are activated via cable rather than by rods, for quieter and more
reliable performance – a feature introduced in the BA program.
Territory AWD variants feature a finned, alloy plate air-to-oil auxiliary
transmission oil cooler, aimed at maintaining normal transmission operating
temperatures under more severe conditions such as driving in sand, or towing
If a heavy duty towing pack is optioned on a RWD Territory, the same
auxiliary cooler is specified as part of the package.
TERRITORY REDEFINES THE HANDLING EQUATION
Car-like levels of ride and handling previously considered unattainable in
similar vehicles will be a hallmark of the new Ford Territory.
An all-new front suspension and a specially tailored version of the
award-winning Control Blade Independent Rear Suspension will provide Territory
with excellent levels of steering, traction, comfort and handling.
"This is an exceptionally exciting program that redefines handling for a
vehicle like this," said Vehicle Dynamics Manager Stephan Presser.
"We have set ourselves very aggressive targets in vehicle dynamics for the
Territory program and we are on track to deliver.
"Our aim is to provide drivers with a "no compromise" vehicle offering great
steering feel and control, combined with excellent levels of comfort and
The all-new Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension is just one example
of the depth of engineering in the Territory program.
The Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension is a key component of
Territory's handling system.
Engineered using premium European and Japanese products as benchmarks, the
system introduces a front suspension set-up not previously available on an
Australian engineered vehicle.
"This is a highly sophisticated four-link design typically seen on imported
vehicles costing many thousands more dollars," said Presser.
The Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension in Territory consists of a
Short and Long Arm (SLA) with double lower balljoint, working in tandem with a
forward-mounted steering rack.
"Traditionally, an SLA suspension consists of a one-piece lower-control arm
with one balljoint connecting the arm and the knuckle to act as a real pivot.
The new Territory axle introduces two separate links, which create a virtual
pivot point at their imaginary intersection – hence the Virtual Pivot Control
"This allows us to place the lower pivot point as far outboard as necessary
to achieve our vehicle dynamics targets, irrespective of the physical
restrictions of brake rotors, calipers and wheels," said Presser.
Territory is the first locally engineered vehicle to employ a forward-mounted
Employing a forward-mounted steering rack allowed for an optimal positioning
of the half shafts driving the front wheels, and for dynamics engineers to
achieve outstanding compliance characteristics.
The Chassis Engineering & Development team has also created an all-new
solution for the front suspension stabiliser bar attachment.
"Precise and early body roll control is crucial, to achieve car-like handling
on a vehicle with Territory's command seating position and consequent higher
centre of gravity.
"By extending the stabiliser bar and attaching it to the knuckle with a stiff
double balljoint link we achieved more efficiency from our stabiliser bar
"However by optimising the upper link position with respect to kingpin axis
we also eliminated unwanted inputs into the steering system due to vehicle roll
on undulating roads."
Presser said the Territory engineering team explored various options for the
front suspension architecture, but the adoption of the Virtual Pivot Control
Link set-up provided car-like suspension targets.
"It meant we could still maintain the Ford DNA of responsive handling and
precise steering that we built into the BA Falcon.
"Extensive CAE modelling proved we were able to build on this strength –
resulting in a no-compromise suspension set-up that gives the best of both
worlds to the customer."
Presser said the underlying factor behind every decision concerning Territory
dynamics was to keep the vehicle true to the Ford brand promise of 'great to
"Agility, stability, precision and comfort are the key attributes of Ford
DNA. The new Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension delivers on all those
goals and ensures car-like driving dynamics for Territory.
“We set ourselves very high targets for our scrub radius and kingpin offset.
Moving the lower pivot point allowed us to achieve those targets to ensure real
benefits for drivers.
“Our scrub radius target means excellent braking stability while the kingpin
offset level means an absence of torque steer and steering wheel vibrations.
That all adds up to ride and handling levels not seen in SUVs.
"We have been able to avoid unwanted steering effects – or torque steer –
despite a powerful drive train feeding traction through the front wheels. The
Virtual Pivot Control Link suspension was critical in achieving this goal."
Presser said the turning circle was evidence of Territory's excellent
"Territory has a turning circle of just 11.4 metres, meaning the vehicle is
perfectly suited to tight urban environments such as shopping centre car parks."
"We were able to meet our predetermined target of the compromise between
steering precision and stability – at all speeds. Territory provides the driver
with a reassuring feeling of contact with the road as well as excellent steering
Rear-wheel drive Territory owners will enjoy the same benefits, with the new
Virtual Pivot Control Link front suspension standard equipment on both variants.
"Our targets for RWD Territory from a steering and on-road handling
perspective were equally high. We wanted to provide customers with exceptional
levels of ride and handling.
"It was always our intention to use the new front suspension across the
board. That strategy also ensures maximum efficiency from a manufacturing
Front suspension geometry
The following data applies to Territory front suspension with the BA Falcon
suspension as reference:
- Front roll centre height at kerb 132 mm (BA Falcon 62 mm)
- Front track width 1620 mm (1560 mm)
- Spring rate 50 Newtons/millimetre (33 N/mm)
- Anti-roll bar diameter 27 mm (24 mm)
- Rebound travel from kerb height 93 mm (82 mm)
- Wheelbase 2842 mm (2829 mm)
"It all adds up to a suspension system that provides exhilarating driving
dynamics, while positively ensuring maximum traction levels and passenger
comfort," said Presser.
The rear suspension on Territory is a specially tailored version of the same
Control Blade IRS that made its debut in the award-winning BA Falcon.
"This IRS was engineered with Territory in mind as well as BA, and provides
an excellent ride and handling platform that we tested thoroughly during the BA
program," said Presser.
"However, we have worked extensively on the Territory program to tune the
Control Blade IRS to suit the new vehicle.
"Using sophisticated Computer Aided Engineering we were able to test many
different levels of suspension tune in a virtual environment before we built our
first prototype vehicle."
Presser said the different body structure, higher roll centres and higher
centre of gravity in Territory meant a thorough revision of suspension settings:
- Roll centre heights increased by 60 mm to correspond with the command
seating position and higher centre of gravity
- Rebound travel increased 20 mm for additional wheel articulation
- Rear track increased 30 mm
- Spring rates increased 30 per cent
- Suspension bushes retuned for best balance between comfort, precision,
agility and stability
“In essence the architecture is the same as in BA Falcon, with the Control
Blade decoupling the ride and handling components. That means Territory provides
excellent levels of control over toe and camber without sacrificing ride
"The great benefit of Control Blade IRS is that it's been designed to
separate suspension functions, allowing an optimal tune for varying conditions.
“As a result, Territory's Control Blade IRS isolates harshness, while still
ensuring excellent handling, superior stability and high levels of driver
Presser said the Control Blade IRS offered significant braking advantages.
"Drivers will immediately notice a reassuring 'anti-dive' under braking
force, which means very flat body control and greatly enhanced stability."
How does it work?
The ‘Control Blade’ is the dominant feature of the IRS – a longitudinal
trailing arm with a large, plush bush at one end. It provides high levels of
ride comfort, while providing the freedom to let the lateral links define toe
and camber under traction and cornering loads.
This feature effectively isolates the handling components of the suspension
from the road noise and impact harshness components of the suspension.
The Control Blade IRS is mounted in a steel subframe, bolted directly to the
underbody for increased stiffness.
The Control Blade IRS won the Silver Award at the 2002 Society of Automotive
Engineers Australasia (SAE-A) Engineering Excellence Awards.
Braking capacity on Territory has been designed to accommodate the different
characteristics of the new vehicle to meet the high standards set by the BA
This has been achieved by using bigger diameter rotors and incorporating
vented rotors on the rear instead of solid discs.
Front rotors on Territory measure 322 mm x 28 mm (BA 298 x 28) and rear
rotors 328 mm x 26 mm (BA 303 x 16), with twin piston calipers on the front and
single piston calipers on the rear.
Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD) is standard on all versions,
providing optimum braking performance, maximum vehicle stability and shortest
possible stopping distance in typical braking situations.
The anti-lock brake (ABS) system on Territory has been optimised using a
unique gravel road logic designed by Ford and Bosch engineers specifically to
cope with Australian road conditions.
Ford chassis and development engineers worked closely with specialists from
Goodyear Tyres to produce two new varieties of silica compound tyres designed
specifically for Territory.
“Engineers from the Goodyear Technical Centre in Luxembourg added their
experience to the expertise of our dynamics team to construct a tyre that takes
full advantage of the Territory handling system," said Presser.
“Australia’s varying mix of road surfaces provided a huge engineering
challenge, but the new Goodyear tyre provided the finishing touch.
“Endless hours of real world testing to back up millions of virtual
kilometres confirmed that the unique tread pattern built for Territory has the
perfect mix of wet and dry traction, fuel economy, refinement and comfort."
The AWD Territory will boast a new Goodyear Fortera 235/60 R17 tyre.
The RWD Territory will be shod with a new Goodyear Integrity 235/60 R17 tyre
engineered specifically for the RWD application.
TOTAL CONTROL FOR AWD TERRITORY
In another outstanding industry first, Ford's AWD Territory will boast the
first stability control system available on an Australian-built vehicle.
Ford Australia Product Development Vice President Trevor Worthington said
customers would benefit enormously from the thousands of hours' work Ford
engineers had devoted to the program, working hand-in-hand with experts from
Bosch Automotive's Chassis Systems division.
Working in tandem with Ford's all-new front suspension, Dynamic Stability
Control (DSC) adds an extra dimension to the Territory handling system.
Promising new levels of ride and handling for an Australian-engineered
vehicle, the Territory Acutrac handling system consists of the all-new Virtual
Pivot Control Link front suspension and a specially retuned version of the
award-winning Control Blade IRS, and will be standard on the RWD model.
AWD versions of Territory will feature Acutrac plus, which includes DSC as a
"Ford has continually been at the forefront of implementing the latest safety
features in its vehicles and the inclusion of DSC on the AWD Territory takes
driver and passenger protection to new levels for a locally engineered car.
"Passive safety features such as excellent body rigidity, airbags and
collapsible pedals come into play when an accident has already happened.
"DSC is an active safety feature that can help avoid accidents before they
even occur," Worthington said.
Ford Vehicle Dynamics Manager Stephan Presser said the inclusion of DSC on
the AWD version of Territory was particularly appropriate.
"Customers wanting to head off the beaten track are more likely to opt for
the AWD version of Territory and will have a greater chance of encountering the
slippery conditions that DSC is designed to counter.
"The RWD version is designed for those customers wanting the advantages of
Territory such as command driving position and interior flexibility, but who are
likely to limit their driving to typical urban conditions," Presser said.
How does it work?
"DSC combines the advantages of Ford's Anti-Lock Braking (ABS) and Traction
Control System (TCS) and multiplies the benefits of both," said Presser.
"The best protection against accidents is to avoid them completely and DSC
utilises the latest technology from Bosch to provide Territory with Australia's
first locally engineered vehicle stability control system."
Presser said DSC was designed to maintain stability when the vehicle
approaches its physical limits, through programmed intervention in the braking
system and powertrain or a combination of both.
"It works in tandem with ABS – which prevents the wheels from locking when
the brakes are applied and TCS – which limits wheelspin during acceleration.
"Traction control ensures the vehicle remains controllable under heavy
acceleration that typically occurs when taking off on slippery roads,
negotiating a hill or accelerating out of a corner.
"Traction control brakes the driven wheel, which shows a tendency to spin,
and adapts the engine torque to obtain maximum traction."
Presser said sensors located at each wheel calculate the slip of each driven
wheel and initiate traction control if slip levels are deemed excessive.
Consequently, traction control intervenes on all four wheels of the AWD
The system also continually monitors driver input via a sensor on the
Electronic Throttle Control.
"As soon as the Electronic Control Unit (ECU) detects a deviation from
desired wheel speeds, the speed of the spinning wheel is automatically reduced
by brake intervention, without any action on the part of the driver.
"Simultaneously, the ECU intervenes via an electronic throttle valve actuator
to reduce excess engine torque."
Presser described DSC as the next generation in driving aids, employing
Territory's braking system as a tool for 'controlling' the vehicle.
"When DSC assumes operation it makes use of the existing braking system. The
basic function of the brakes – to decelerate or stop the vehicle – is enhanced
as stability control helps maintain Territory's stability and desired course."
Presser said DSC incorporated three vital elements in addition to the
traction control system hardware – a steering wheel angle sensor, a lateral
acceleration sensor and a rotational yaw rate sensor.
The steering wheel sensor constantly monitors steering wheel angle, or the
driver's intended direction of travel.
The yaw and lateral acceleration sensors track Territory's rotation around
its vertical axis as well as its lateral motion.
"DSC is constantly working in the background, monitoring all its sensors 50
times a second, to check the driver's steering wheel position, throttle pedal
position, whether the driver is braking or not, and where the vehicle is
"By comparing the actual measured yaw rate with a calculated optimal yaw
rate, the system is able to intervene early enough to reduce the risk of
unwanted skids and potential loss of control.
"Specific braking intervention is then directed at individual wheels – such
as the inner rear to counter understeer, or the outer front during oversteer.
DSC also modulates engine outputs to reduce wheel spin and vehicle speed when
Ford engineers have worked closely with the Bosch team to ensure DSC
complements Territory's car-like ride and handling characteristics.
Testing has been conducted on the ice-covered lakes of Sweden, on the harsh,
rough gravel roads of the Australian outback, and also in a variety of real
world driving tests in Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain.
Presser stressed DSC could not defy the laws of physics.
"DSC significantly enhances the safety window in which the driver can operate
the car, but it cannot perform miracles.
"It is an incredibly useful and practical driving aid that has enormous
potential to reduce the possibility of a crash."
Presser said the software came into operation during situations that could
occur in everyday driving, often without the driver noticing it had happened.
"For example, if the driver approaches a bend that tightens more sharply than
expected, the driver will suddenly turn the wheel in the intended direction of
turn, but may be carrying too much speed to safely negotiate the turn.
"If a driver swerves rapidly to avoid colliding with an object or another
vehicle on the road, the vehicle may not respond quickly enough to follow the
desired path, or may over-respond, resulting in oversteer.
"In both examples DSC will immediately notice the angle of steering wheel
input and the direction of travel and brake the appropriate wheel to keep
Territory stable and under control.
"It represents a genuine application of active safety that has the potential
to significantly improve road safety," Presser said.
CONTROL AT THE TOUCH OF A BUTTON
Ford AWD Territory owners will have the option of including the added
safety feature of a Hill Descent Control system on their vehicle.
In essence, the system regulates the speed at which Territory travels
downhill, particularly in steep, or difficult, off-road conditions.
The system – available only on the all-wheel drive version of Territory – is
engaged by the driver via a dash-mounted switch.
Once engaged, the system automatically applies the brakes if a hill is
detected, controlling the vehicle's descent speed.
The anti-lock braking system (ABS) automatically operates if changes in
surface occur and the wheel sensors detect different wheel speeds.
Ford Vehicle Dynamics Manager Stephan Presser said the system provided
greater levels of confidence and an extra level of control for the driver.
"Once the system is engaged, the driver doesn't need to use any of the
"The system takes charge, and individually brakes each wheel to maintain a
steady 4 km/h descent. The driver only has to steer the car."
Presser said the speed of the descent could be increased using the steering
wheel-mounted cruise control buttons.
"The default speed is 4 km/h, but the driver can set a preferred speed simply
by using the cruise control buttons in steps of 1 km/h, up to a maximum speed of
"The speed selected by the driver remains the set speed until the system is
switched off or until the brakes are applied."
Presser said the cruise control speed set function was unique in the Ford
"If the driver presses the accelerator, the system will shift into 'stand-by'
mode and the vehicle will pick up speed.
"When the driver takes his foot off the accelerator, the system is engaged
again and the brakes will be applied to slow the vehicle back to the previous
Presser said the system would switch into stand-by mode when the driver
accelerates above 35 km/h.
The Hill Descent Control system automatically switches off when vehicle speed
passes 90 km/h.
THE QUIET TERRITORY
It may take Territory customers a few hours' driving before they
appreciate the thousands of hours' work that has gone into producing one of Ford
Australia's most refined vehicles.
"Ours is a science of addressing the magnitude, quality and balance of the
complete set of acoustic and tactile sensations experienced by the customer,"
said Vehicle Refinement Supervisor Clive Humphris.
"Territory gave us the opportunity to improve on the very high standards we
set in the BA program. It also provided the challenge of coping with new sheet
metal and interior and exterior designs.
"We've taken giant steps in recent years with greater use of Computer Aided
Engineering (CAE) to virtually plot energy flow and noise paths, and then to
correlate that against real world test data.
"This process has allowed us to optimise designs for minium noise and
vibration much quicker than with previous models."
Humphris said his team worked on seven specific areas for refining Territory.
"Specially tuned tyres were developed for Territory with the aim of
optimising steering and handling.
"In addition, the Goodyear Integrity (RWD) and Fortera (AWD) tyres on
Territory were also designed with the aim of keeping road noise to a minimum.
"Working in tandem with the Control Blade IRS and Virtual Pivot Control Link
front suspension, Territory has very low road noise levels."
Humphris said his team were delighted with the choice of the Barra 182 as the
powerplant for Territory.
"As we found with the Barra program, the DOHC I6 is a key element in
improving powertrain noise, vibration and harshness (NVH).
"The Barra 182 has a sweet note that doesn't deteriorate with increased revs.
"It gives us an engine that means occupants feel very comfortable travelling
at highway cruising speeds."
Humphris said the basic architecture of the engine was the same as in BA, but
the Territory featured optimisation for every mounting, bracket and cover.
The development team also invested many hours in minimising noise through the
exhaust and inlet system design.
"We spent a lot of time benchmarking premium AWD vehicles from Europe and
Japan for wind noise, setting levels we wanted to better with Territory, or at
least to equal.
"Using CAE we employed 'digital buck' technology to review numerous design
and assembly issues before prototype parts were even constructed.
"This attention to detail highlighted some potential wind noise issues very
early in the development stage, leaving us ample time to find a suitable
Humphris said the all-new door design in Territory proved a blessing in
"The 'clean sheet' approach gave us not only a challenge, but also the
opportunity to engineer a door design for extremely low wind noise levels.
"The door structure in Territory has been extensively tested in CAE and then
in the wind tunnel for maximum stiffness, improving NVH performance even in
strong, gusty crosswinds.
"The 'inset' door design we chose for Territory has resulted in an extremely
stiff door, ensuring noise is kept out – even at high speeds where the doors can
come away from the seal.
"We also employed improved door seals, minimising the number of different
corner moulds and extrusions."
Humphris said body sealing was a key design input throughout the design stage
"New high-technology paint shop measurement systems will ensure all vehicles
have a high level of body sealing.
"This gives lower interior noise levels, adds to the quality feel of
Territory and has the added benefit of minimising dust and water entering the
vehicle even in Australia's harshest environments.
"We also worked closely with the styling studio on the exterior mirrors to
produce a good-looking mirror that directs wind noise away from the door glass."
Territory's all-new body shell proved significant in achieving high
Forty per cent stiffer than a BA Falcon wagon, it has resulted in low shake
levels in high feedback areas, such as the steering column and seats.
"The steering column stiffness has been significantly increased to cope with
the powertrain vibrations inherent in an all-wheel drive system and the seats
have been tuned for low shake response on all road surfaces.
"The end result is much less vibration fed back to the driver and
Humphris said the two-piece driveshaft employed in BA would be used in
"It isolates excess powertrain noise which would otherwise be transferred
into the cabin.
"In addition, we have designed all the suspension mounting points to be as
stiff as possible, to ensure any compliance would occur at the suspension bushes
and not in the body structure.
"This reduces vibration levels throughout the body, minimising the chance of
even minor vibrations being transferred to the vehicle occupants."
Squeak and rattle
Extensive use of CAE technology allowed refinement engineers to identify
potential sources for rattles in Territory long before the construction of
prototype parts, resulting in several significant changes.
"We have increased dash stiffness to eliminate excess movement in the
instrument panel, and ensured all wiring looms and cables were properly clipped
to body structures.
"We also investigated sheetmetal joins and areas where plastic parts join to
eliminate further potential vibration and squeak issues."
Static sealing has been improved with Territory employing foam blockers to
stop any potential noise transmission from the body.
TERRITORY LIFTS CURTAIN ON NEW ERA OF SAFETY
Ford's exciting new Territory will be one of the safest vehicles on
Australian roads when it goes on sale in June.
Territory boasts an exceptionally strong passenger safety cell and will be
the first locally manufactured vehicle available with a head-protecting side
The side curtain airbag will be standard on Territory Ghia and TS variants
and available as an option on Territory TX.
"The inflatable side curtain airbag on Territory adds a new dimension of
safety in an Australian built vehicle," said Ford Australia Environmental and
Safety Engineering Manager Bruce Priddle.
"It works in concert with other side impact protection features such as the
vehicle body structure and door intrusion beams, to provide new levels of
"The curtain provides head protection for both front and second row occupants
in side impact crashes, helping to greatly reduce the risk of potentially
serious head injuries.
"The curtain retains the occupant's head inside the vehicle, reducing the
risk of injury from impact with objects outside such as power poles, trees or
even the front of a high-riding vehicle."
Priddle said extensive research into car accidents revealed the benefits of
head protection offered by an inflatable side curtain airbag.
"Australian studies show that 35 per cent of all crashes involve a side
impact. The employment of a side curtain airbag results in a 45 per cent
reduction in the probability of a fatality.
"In a US study, the number of deaths from side impacts in cars without a
head-protecting side airbag was more than double those where a side curtain
airbag was fitted. The study also found that a side airbag results in a 45 per
cent reduction in the probability of a fatality."
The inflatable side curtain airbag on Territory runs from the A-pillar to the
C-pillar and, when deployed, drops down to the belt line of the vehicle to help
protect the occupant's head.
Packaged behind the head liner, it flips the lining inboard and deflects past
the B and C-pillars, while a retaining clip in the A-pillar holds it in place.
The trim on the A-pillar was specially designed to cater for the retaining
clip with high strength plastics.
The airbag itself is similar to the airbag found in the steering wheel, but
is a multi-chamber design as it covers a far greater area.
The side curtain airbag is linked to four sensors – one in each B and
C-pillar – which are controlled by the Advanced Restraints Module.
When the sensor detects a change in lateral, or sideways, acceleration of
sufficient magnitude, it deploys the side airbag to fully inflate in just 24
The driver's airbag mounted in the steering wheel takes 40 milliseconds to
"This rapid deployment of the side curtain airbag is necessary because of the
limited space between the occupants and the side of the car," Priddle said.
The sensors are finely tuned so the side curtain airbag will only deploy when
necessary. It will not deploy if, for example, a stray shopping trolley hits
Territory in a car park.
Development on the side curtain airbag began almost five years ago.
"It was always designed to be an integral part of the Territory program."
Priddle said the inflatable side curtain airbag added another feature to the
award winning Intelligent Safety System (ISS) in Territory, which made its debut
in the BA program.
"The ISS tailors airbag deployment according to the type and severity of the
crash. It is a fully integrated, computer-driven system that 'thinks' about, and
responds to, different accident conditions.
"ISS features integrated seat belt buckle pretensioners, energy management
retractors, seat belt usage sensors, a driver's seat position sensor, dual stage
inflating airbags and a special crash severity sensor."
Priddle said the sensors were constantly feeding data to the vehicle's
Advanced Restraints Module (ARM) – the 'brain' of the system.
"The module takes into account the seating position of the driver, whether
the front driver and passenger seat belts are being used and the severity of the
accident before deploying appropriate safety technologies during frontal
The ARM controls the variable front airbag inflator output and pyrotechnic
seat belt pretensioners according to the severity of a frontal crash.
It also controls the deployment of the inflatable side curtain airbags and
tells the Body Electronics Module (BEM) to unlock the doors in the event of a
"In essence, the system determines the severity of the crash and deploys the
"For example, the driver seat sensors 'know' how close the driver is sitting
to the wheel, and vary the inflation rate of the driver's airbag accordingly.
"It all adds up to optimum levels of protection for all the occupants inside
"Territory also features the acclaimed beltminder system, which provides an
intermittent visible and audible warning if the driver's seat belt is not
fastened with the vehicle in motion."
All seatbelts in Territory are three-point lap-sash, for enhanced safety in
the front, second or optional third row of seats.
Structural safety was paramount in the minds of engineers when it came to
designing and building Territory.
"A strong passenger safety cell is fundamental to structural safety, but the
key element is management of energy load paths at the front, side and rear of
"Territory's structure has been engineered to protect the passenger
compartment by spreading energy during a crash, directing it through
complementary parallel paths in the body."
Priddle said Territory was the first Australian vehicle to utilise locally
manufactured tailor welded blank technology.
"This technology laser welds different gauges of sheet metal together prior
to the stamping operation, efficiently customising the structure to maintain the
"This distributes the load and helps preserve the integrity of the passenger
safety cell in a collision," Priddle said.
Territory also includes anti-intrusion pedals that decouple the brake pedal
from the brake booster shaft in a frontal crash.
"Drivers often hit the brakes hard in a crash, stiffening their leg while
pushing on the pedal. In a severe crash, the pedal can be forced backward,
resulting in potentially serious leg injuries.
"The anti-intrusion pedal system allows the other safety features in
Territory to provide protection unimpeded by a deformed brake pedal."
Priddle said one of those features was the Laminated Impact Protection Panel
This laminate of steel and energy absorbing foam is located under the carpet
in the driver's footwell, providing improved lower leg protection.
"Territory features excellent active safety features such as stability
control on AWD models, traction control and ABS to help the driver avoid an
"However, in the event Territory is involved in a crash, the superb passive
safety features have been engineered to produce one of the safest vehicles on
Priddle said Territory was designed to meet the highest safety standards.
"Unlike many imported 4WD vehicles, Territory RWD and AWD variants comply
with the same stringent passenger car safety standards that Falcon does, and
employs a further development of the Falcon ISS that was awarded a gold medal at
the 2003 SAE Australasian Engineering Excellence Awards
"Territory fully meets Australian Design Regulations 69, 72 and 73 which
involve a full frontal crash test, side impact crash test and offset impact
"With its combination of excellent safety structure, collapsible pedals,
optional side curtain airbag and the latest active safety features such as
Dynamic Stability Control on AWD models, Territory is one of the safest vehicles
we have ever put to market," Priddle said.
|Territory TX RWD
|Territory TX AWD
|Territory TS RWD
|Territory TS AWD
|Territory Ghia RWD
|Territory Ghia AWD
||4.0-litre DOHC VCT in-line six
||4.0-litre DOHC VCT in-line six|
|Bore x stroke
||92.26 mm x 99.31 mm
||92.26 mm x 99.31 mm|
||182 kW @ 5000 rpm
||182 kW @ 5000 rpm|
||380 Nm @ 3250 rpm
||380 Nm @ 3250 rpm|
||Roller finger follower
||Roller finger follower|
|Fuel consumption ADR 81/01
||13.1 litres/100 km
||13.5 litres/100 km|
||Four speed automatic with SSS
||Four speed automatic with SSS|
||Virtual Pivot Control Link with forward mounted steering rack
||Virtual Pivot Control Link with forward mounted steering rack|
||Control Blade IRS
||Control Blade IRS|
|Turns lock to lock
|Rotor size – front
||322 mm x 28 mm vented disc
||322 mm x 28 mm vented disc|
|Rotor size - rear
||322 mm x 26 mm vented disc
||322 mm x 26 mm vented disc|
|Traction Control System
|Dynamic Stability Control
|Hill Descent Control
||Goodyear Integrity P235/60 R17
||Goodyear Fortera P235/60 R17|
|Ramp over angle
|2nd row legroom (5-seat)
|2nd row headroom (5-seat)
|Luggage volume (behind 2nd row)
|Cargo area length (behind 2nd row)